The Metropolitan Cattle Market

London’s livestock market at Smithfield had been set up when the city was much smaller.

As the population grew and people wanted more meat, conditions at Smithfield’s medieval market became a national disgrace.

The City finally commissioned its chief architect James Bunning to build a modern, humane marketplace on the edge of town at Islington, with all the best facilities such as watering troughs, bank offices and a central clock tower. The new Metropolitan Cattle Market opened in 1855 and was just one part of the transformation of London into the world’s largest city in the 19th century.

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